Chad. According to Countryaah.com, Chad population in 2020 is estimated at 16,425,875. Chad was affected during the year by the violence in the Central African Republic. As thousands of Chadians were evacuated across the border to Chad, they were escorted by Chadian so-called peacekeeping troops who opened fire on civilians. About 30 people were killed and about 300 were injured. According to the UN, Chadians opened fire unprovoked, and the Chadian government decided to take home its troops from the Central African Republic.
The militant Islamist group Boko Haram’s violent advance in northern Nigeria spilled across the border into Chad. When more than 250 schoolgirls were kidnapped by Boko Haram, the US military sent Chad to fly over the border to search for the kidnapped.
In May, Chad and Kamerum decided on a joint fight against Boko Haram. They sent about 1,000 soldiers to the border areas against Nigeria, which led to Boko Haram’s threat of terrorist attacks inside Chad. With unmarked and unguarded borders, it is possible to move fairly freely between the countries, especially in the area around Lake Chad. In Chad there is concern that the militant Islamists will succeed in Chadian youth.
When Boko Haram in August kidnapped close to 100 boys and girls in Nigeria, Chadian soldiers were able to free the hostages as Islamists tried to cross Lake Chad. In September, in response to the threat from Boko Haram, President Idriss Déby’s government initiated talks between Nigeria and the Islamists.
French President François Hollande visited Chad during the year, explaining that 3,000 French soldiers would be placed in Chad and four other countries in the Sahel region to fight extremist violence. Ground troops and aircraft would be headquartered in Chad, considered by France as a reliable strategic partner since Chadian troops participated in a number of French-led operations in Africa.
Several Chadian soldiers in UN peacekeeping forces in Mali were killed by explosive charges in September. The government accused the UN of allowing the Chadians to operate under great difficulties and to shield other troops.
When the Chinese oil company CNPC was charged with violation of environmental laws but refused to pay fines, the government withdrew drilling licenses and demanded the equivalent of over SEK 8 billion in compensation. In October, a settlement was concluded in which CNPC agreed to pay the equivalent of SEK 3 billion, and the Chadian state gained control of a tenth of the company’s oil field and part in production. CNPC could thus start exporting oil through pipeline through Cameroon.
According to the UN’s World Food Program, there was a shortage of food for nearly 450,000 refugees in camps in Chad, Central African Republic and South Sudan. They lived on half of the normal ration with severe malnutrition as a result of children. The UN agency appealed for about SEK 1.3 billion to avoid further cuts for refugees in sub-Saharan Africa.