Chad 2014

Yearbook 2014

Chad. Chad population in 2020 is estimated at 16,425,875. Chad was affected during the year by the violence in the Central African Republic. As thousands of Chadians were evacuated across the border to Chad, they were escorted by Chadian so-called peacekeeping troops who opened fire on civilians. About 30 people were killed and about 300 were injured. According to the UN, Chadians opened fire unprovoked, and the Chadian government decided to take home its troops from the Central African Republic.

Chad Population 2014

The militant Islamist group Boko Haram’s violent advance in northern Nigeria spilled across the border into Chad. When more than 250 schoolgirls were kidnapped by Boko Haram, the US military sent Chad to fly over the border to search for the kidnapped.

In May, Chad and Kamerum decided on a joint fight against Boko Haram. They sent about 1,000 soldiers to the border areas against Nigeria, which led to Boko Haram’s threat of terrorist attacks inside Chad. With unmarked and unguarded borders, it is possible to move fairly freely between the countries, especially in the area around Lake Chad. In Chad there is concern that the militant Islamists will succeed in Chadian youth.

When Boko Haram in August kidnapped close to 100 boys and girls in Nigeria, Chadian soldiers were able to free the hostages as Islamists tried to cross Lake Chad. In September, in response to the threat from Boko Haram, President Idriss Déby’s government initiated talks between Nigeria and the Islamists.

French President François Hollande visited Chad during the year, explaining that 3,000 French soldiers would be placed in Chad and four other countries in the Sahel region to fight extremist violence. Ground troops and aircraft would be headquartered in Chad, considered by France as a reliable strategic partner since Chadian troops participated in a number of French-led operations in Africa.

According to topb2bwebsites, several Chadian soldiers in UN peacekeeping forces in Mali were killed by explosive charges in September. The government accused the UN of allowing the Chadians to operate under great difficulties and to shield other troops.

When the Chinese oil company CNPC was charged with violation of environmental laws but refused to pay fines, the government withdrew drilling licenses and demanded the equivalent of over SEK 8 billion in compensation. In October, a settlement was concluded in which CNPC agreed to pay the equivalent of SEK 3 billion, and the Chadian state gained control of a tenth of the company’s oil field and part in production. CNPC could thus start exporting oil through pipeline through Cameroon.

According to the UN’s World Food Program, there was a shortage of food for nearly 450,000 refugees in camps in Chad, Central African Republic and South Sudan. They lived on half of the normal ration with severe malnutrition as a result of children. The UN agency appealed for about SEK 1.3 billion to avoid further cuts for refugees in sub-Saharan Africa.

CHAD. – The Republic of Chad extends over a vast internal territory, which falls in the most depressed area (Bodele) up to 255 m. A furrow is visible showing the ancient connection with Lake Chad, which is at a slightly higher level (280 m). The southern part of the lake is submerged during the rainy period (August-November), so the surface is variable and communications are made difficult due to the concomitance of the floods of the Logone and the Sciari. In the plain that gravitates towards the lake, the ground is not level, but dunes, dry valley furrows and outcrops of ancient rocks are frequent. In depressed areas they lead to irregular watercourses giving rise to temporary lakes, as is the case of Lake Fitri, fed by the Batha that flows down from the Uadai. On the other sides the territory has raised edges: to the north the Tibesti, a plateau of primary sandstones, overlaid by volcanic systems (the main Emi Koussi, 3415 m), to the north-east the Ennedi (1450 m), to the east Uadai, while to the south the border touches the Central African ridge. The vegetation corresponds broadly to the characteristics of the climate and becomes increasingly poor and stunted as one proceeds northwards, therefore, lacking the forest belt, from the savannah with trees and shrubs, sometimes interrupted along the valley furrows by forests in the gallery, we pass to the steppe zones of Kanem and Uadai, with baobabs, dum palms, acacias, which make the transition to the desert.

The surface of the republic is 1,284,000 km 2 and the population (according to a 1971 estimate) of 3,791,000 residents, so the average density remains below 3 residents per km 2. But it is very poorly distributed, it increases in the southwestern regions and around Abéché, while the northern regions are in fact depopulated. The territory is divided into 14 prefectures, of very different extension. That of Borku-Ennedi-Tibesti is 600,350 km 2 wide(just under half of the state) and has just 82,000 residents; its capital is Faya. Recently (1972) the contrasts between the Muslims of the northern regions (Arabi, Fulbe, Haussa, grouped in the National Liberation Front = Frolinat) and the Christian and animist populations of the southern regions (Sara and Massa del Logone and Sciari, Kotoko fishermen and Buduma of Chad) had faded, among other things due to the presence of 2,000 French soldiers. The capital is N’Djamena, formerly Fort-Lamy, with 179,000 residents (1972), with a good airport, as well as Sarh (formerly Fort-Archambault, 37,000 residents), Where in 1967 a cotton mill and facilities for the preservation of meat were built. Other important centers are Abéché, the capital of the Uadai, and Moundou, which both have over 25,000 residents.

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