The Gambia. In March, the country’s president Yahya Jammeh said that English should no longer be the official language of the former British colony. None of the domestic languages, of which Malinke is the largest, has yet been given official status.
In August, legislation against homosexuality was tightened, which has already been banned in the country. Parliament voted in favor of the proposal that “gross homosexuality” should be punishable by life imprisonment. However, it was unclear what this wording meant. The tightening of laws was criticized by several international human rights organizations. In October and November there were reports that about 20 people were arrested for violating the new laws.
During the year, the 20th anniversary was also celebrated by the coup that brought Yahya Jammeh to power. On July 22, the date the coup took place in 1994, was proclaimed a national holiday, and on October 10, ten days of Jammeh’s 20 years in power began. In connection with the president’s presence abroad at the end of December, a supposed coup attempt in the capital Banjul was defeated. According to Countryaah.com, Gambia population in 2020 is estimated at 2,416,679. Jammeh returned to the Gambia a day later.