Ghana. During the year, Ghana became the first sub-Saharan country to reach the UN Millennium Development Goal by halving extreme poverty by 2015. However, a large proportion of the population lives in poverty, mainly in the northern parts of the country.
According to Countryaah.com, Ghana population in 2020 is estimated at 31,072,951. The country wrestled with major financial concerns and the national currency, cedi, lost nearly 40% of its value by August compared to the US dollar. The weakening currency led to large price increases, and on May 1, large demonstrations were held with demands for wage increases. The popular pressure of the president, John Dramani Mahama, in July carried out his first major government transformation since he won the presidential election in 2012. However, he gave no explanation as to why he fired some ministers and allowed others to change ministries.
In September, a prolonged border dispute with the Ivory Coast led to Ghana requesting the mediation of a UN tribunal under the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea. The boundary line covers an area near an oil field where a British company has a production license. The mediation process is expected to last up to three years.