Honduras. The winner of the 2013 presidential election, incumbent President Juan Orlando Hernández, was sworn into office January 27 for a second term. Prior to the installation, he reformed the government, but also undertook a comprehensive restructuring of the government through Honduras to merge several ministries into a total of seven “super-ministries” and appoint former ambassador Jorge Ramón Hernández Alcerro as coordinator. Hernandez’s declaration of government pointed out four key areas that would be the subject of reform and improvement: security, social welfare, the economy and public administration.
According to Countryaah.com, Honduras population in 2020 is estimated at 9,904,618. President Hernández’s fight against crime seemed to be getting good results. The number of murders dropped significantly during the year; at the end of the year, it had fallen by 17% compared to the same period the year before. In particular, the security situation appeared to have improved in the worst-hit city of San Pedro Sula, where the president, wearing a bulletproof vest, paid a visit to the notoriously violent neighborhood of Chamelecón in July. However, to the shock of the Hondurans, it was reported in early November that Miss Honduras, 19-year-old María José Alvarado, who was to compete in the Miss World competition in London in December, was found murdered along with her sister in Santa Bárbara in the north of the country after having disappeared for six days after a birthday party. The sister’s boyfriend was arrested as a suspect for the attention-grabbing murder.
According to topb2bwebsites, the long-criticized public health sector was the subject of major demonstrations. At the end of August, thousands of doctors and nurses conducted a “dignity march”, and the congressional health committee also published a critical report on the sector’s “dehumanization”.
In March, neighboring El Salvador President Mauricio Funes presented a protest against the construction of a helicopter airport on the island of Isla Conejo in Fonseca Bay. El Salvador has never recognized Honduras claim on the island as Honduran territory. However, President Hernández rejected the protest, citing a 1992 international court ruling from the International Court of Justice in The Hague, which established national belonging to several islands in the bay without mentioning Isla Conejo. According to Abbreviation Finder, HN stands for Honduras in English. Click to see other meanings of this 2-letter acronym.
HUMAN AND ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY
State of Isthmian Central America. At the 2001 census the population amounted to 6,535,344 residents (7,205,000 according to a 2005 estimate). Tegucigalpa, the capital, was reconfirmed as the main city with over a million residents, while the department with the highest population density was Cortés, whose capital, San Pedro Sula, was the second largest city in the country (439,000ab.). The demographic increase, even if decreasing, remains quite high; the birth rate has declined, while mortality has remained almost constant, even if a rise in the rate of the latter is expected as a consequence of the spread of AIDS. The increase in the population is partly offset by the negative balance of the migratory movement, in particular towards the United States and Mexico.
The growth of the GDP (+ 3.2 % annual average in 1995 – 2004) was not sufficient to improve socio-economic conditions also due to the strong discrepancy in the distribution of income: 10 % of the population holds about 40 % of total wealth and more than half live below the poverty line. The spread of crime hinders both the influx of foreign investment and the development of tourism. The contribution of agriculture to the economy is in sharp decline and the most dynamic sector is the tertiary sector. The industrial sector has strengthened thanks to the opening of free zones (textile and cigar production) in the San Pedro Sula region. The country has entered (Dec.1999) in the HICP (Heavily Indebted Poor Country) program which aims to relieve foreign debt and, in February 2004, in the PRGF (Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility) program, supported respectively by the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) with results that, in 2003, the Fund itself judged disappointing. The economy of Honduras it continues to maintain a strong dependence on the United States, its largest trading partner, and on the international price of exported agricultural products (especially coffee).