Honduras. The winner of the 2013 presidential election, incumbent President Juan Orlando Hernández, was sworn into office January 27 for a second term. Prior to the installation, he reformed the government, but also undertook a comprehensive restructuring of the government through Honduras to merge several ministries into a total of seven “super-ministries” and appoint former ambassador Jorge Ramón Hernández Alcerro as coordinator. Hernandez’s declaration of government pointed out four key areas that would be the subject of reform and improvement: security, social welfare, the economy and public administration.
According to Countryaah.com, Honduras population in 2020 is estimated at 9,904,618. President Hernández’s fight against crime seemed to be getting good results. The number of murders dropped significantly during the year; at the end of the year, it had fallen by 17% compared to the same period the year before. In particular, the security situation appeared to have improved in the worst-hit city of San Pedro Sula, where the president, wearing a bulletproof vest, paid a visit to the notoriously violent neighborhood of Chamelecón in July. However, to the shock of the Hondurans, it was reported in early November that Miss Honduras, 19-year-old María José Alvarado, who was to compete in the Miss World competition in London in December, was found murdered along with her sister in Santa Bárbara in the north of the country after having disappeared for six days after a birthday party. The sister’s boyfriend was arrested as a suspect for the attention-grabbing murder.
The long-criticized public health sector was the subject of major demonstrations. At the end of August, thousands of doctors and nurses conducted a “dignity march”, and the congressional health committee also published a critical report on the sector’s “dehumanization”.
In March, neighboring El Salvador President Mauricio Funes presented a protest against the construction of a helicopter airport on the island of Isla Conejo in Fonseca Bay. El Salvador has never recognized Honduras claim on the island as Honduran territory. However, President Hernández rejected the protest, citing a 1992 international court ruling from the International Court of Justice in The Hague, which established national belonging to several islands in the bay without mentioning Isla Conejo.