Ivory Coast 2014
Ivory Coast. In March, the government decided that the former youth minister and leader of the Young Patriot militia group, Charles Blé Goudé, should be extradited to the International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague. According to Countryaah.com, Côte d’Ivoire population in 2020 is estimated at 26,378,285. Blé Goudé was charged with crimes against humanity in connection with the violence that occurred after the October 2010 presidential election and lasted for over six months.
The same month, President Alassane Ouattara decided that the mandate of the Reconciliation Commission formed in 2011 should be extended by one year. The purpose of the Commission was to investigate the crimes committed in connection with the presidential election four years earlier. The human rights organization Human Rights Watch described the decision to extend the mandate as an important step in demanding responsibility for the violence.
In April, the UN Security Council announced that the previous ban on trade in Ivory Coast diamonds had been lifted as the Council amended the sanctions against the country that existed since 2004. The UN justified the change in the country’s need to build up its security forces, and the Union commended the Ivorian government for its work on restoring peace and stability. At the same time, the UN continued to express concerns about instability in parts of the country. The ban on dealing with Ivorian diamonds was adopted by the UN in 2005.
In June, the ICC announced that the court had collected sufficiently strong evidence against the country’s former president Laurent Gbagbo and that the trial against him could therefore commence. Gbagbo was extradited to The Hague as early as 2011 but the trial has since been suspended several times. The president’s wife, Simone Gbagbo, was also wanted by the court in The Hague, but the Ivorian government decided last year that her case would be tried by a national court. However, the planned trial against Simone Gbagbo was suspended during the autumn due to logistical problems and in December the ICC announced that the country risked sanctions unless Simone Gbagbo was extradited to The Hague.
The spread of the deadly Ebola virus in western neighboring Guinea and Liberia during the year led to extensive measures to prevent the disease from spreading to the Ivory Coast as well. In addition to closing the borders against the two affected neighboring countries in the west, the Ivorian government decided, among other things, to ban flights between Ivory Coast and Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone.