Mauritania. According to Countryaah.com, Mauritania population in 2020 is estimated at 4,649,669. The country’s president Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz took office in January as president of the African Union. The presidency rotates between the member states and each chair is for one year.
In February, Prime Minister Moulaye Ould Mohamed Laghdaf filed his and the government’s resignation application, which is customary after a parliamentary election (one held in December 2013). However, he was already given the day after the assignment to form a new government. All the most important ministers were allowed to remain in their posts. However, Laghdaf was replaced as Prime Minister in August by Yahya Ould Hademine.
The same month Mauritania formed the G5 Sahel organization together with Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger and Chad with the aim of strengthening cooperation on development and security. The headquarters of the organization will be located in Mauritania’s capital Nouakchott.
In February, for the first time, a woman became mayor of Nouakchott. The post went to Maty Mint Hamady, an economist representing the UPR (Union for the Republic) government party and formerly a minister in charge of public service.
In June, presidential elections were held. Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, who came to power in 2008 through a bloody coup and won the 2009 presidential election, lacked serious opponents as the opposition chose to boycott what it termed a “pretense election”. With a 56.5% turnout, Abdel Aziz took a clear victory with 82% of the vote.
During the year, cooperation, both civilian and military, was deepened between Mauritania and neighboring Mali with the aim of increasing security, preventing the spread of ebola fever and facilitating people and goods to cross the border between countries.
In December, for the first time since independence in 1960, a person was sentenced to death for blasphemy. It is about a young man who questioned on the Internet some of the Prophet Muhammad’s decision.