Mexico. Great national and international attention got the massacre of 43 teacher students from Ayotzinapa in the state of Guerrero, who disappeared after a September 26 demonstration in what appeared to be a mass kidnapping. About a week later, the students were found murdered and severely burned at a dump, and the first victim was identified in early December.
The massacre had been staged by a criminal gang, Guerreros Unidos, on behalf of the mayor of Iguala, José Luís Abarca, himself accused of committing a political murder in 2013, and his wife. Several local police officers, including the police chief himself, and the city’s security officer were also involved and released and arrested when federal police took over in early November.
According to Countryaah.com, Mexico population in 2020 is estimated at 128,932,764. The scandal also spread to the state and federal level by revealing links between Abarca and the state health minister, as well as similar links to organized crime in twelve of the state’s municipalities.
The news led to widespread and violent protests across the country against corruption and impunity for corrupt politicians. On November 20, tens of thousands of people marched in Mexico City. The human rights organization Human Rights Watch called the event the worst human rights crisis in Mexico since the so-called Tlatelolcoma attacker in 1968, when hundreds of students were killed by military and police.
Otherwise, the security situation in general could not show much improvement. At the end of August, a new separate 40,000-strong police force, the national gendarmerie, was created, with the French gendarmes and the Chilean carabineros as a model and with organized crime as a special target. But in 2014, someone was estimated to be murdered, kidnapped or blackmailed every 12 minutes in Mexico. Only in the states of Nuevo León, Chihuahua and Coahuila could a certain reduction in the number of murders be recorded. Otherwise, the violence was as extensive as ever.
The Iguala massacre in September also confirmed the generally well-known links between authorities and the lower world, especially in the state of Michoacán, where José Jesús Reyna García was arrested in early April for conspiracy with organized crime. In the wake of the scandal, several new armed citizen guards were also formed and groups that threatened to take matters into their own hands and avenge them by force.
Before the Iguala crisis, the ruling Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) was able to register successes in the state elections in Coahuila and Nayarit in early July. But towards the end of the year, predictably, the opinions of President Enrique Peña Nieto and PRI dropped dramatically. Even worse, it was for Mayor Abarca’s Democratic Revolutionary Party (PRD), which was facing its worst crisis so far, and its founder and informal leader Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas even resigned from the party on November 25.
General information about Mexico
When Spanish conquistadors aspiring to colonial rule came to Mexico five hundred years ago in pursuit of gold treasures, they were amazed to find a high-quality culture. The Aztecs lived in a city of millions, they had a developed architecture and commerce, as well as their own writing and religious systems. Those who came from the Atlantic coast of the Yucatan Peninsula discovered the structures of another, previously flourishing Indian culture, the Mayans. The conquerors soon subjugated the natives, the Spanish language and the Catholic religion spread, and the Indians mingled with the newcomers — the mestizo population was born, which is still today the largest population group in all of Central and Southern America.
The winds of independence have been blowing in almost all Latin American countries since the 1820s. The fate of the Central American countries, even when independent, had to be exposed to the influence of the mighty northern neighbor, the United States. 20 million Mexicans have already crossed the Rio Grande River in search of a better life. On the other hand, thriving tourism has attracted Americans to enjoy resorts such as Acapulco and Cancun. Mexico’s 120 million people live on the plateau between two oceans, the Atlantic and the Pacific. The earth is rich in minerals such as silver and uranium, but oil in particular has brought wealth. The automotive, metal and chemical industries are booming. The perks of the colonial period are the division of agriculture into large landowners of up to thousands of hectares of haciendos and small,
The capital – one of the largest in the world – is the 25-million-dollar Mexico City. It was born on the site of the ancient capital of the Aztecs. The soil is swampy and many of the old colonial buildings in the center, Zócalo, are slowly sinking. The heart of the city is Chapultepec Park, where you can even listen to Mariachi orchestras. You can also stop by the Zona Rosa to taste tortillas or tacos and tequila as a pick-up. The museums of Frida Kahlo and Diego Rivera are outside the city center, as is the Cathedral of the Virgin of Guadalupe, the patron saint of America, and the magnificent Pyramids of the Sun and Moon in Teotíhuacan. Who were the Teotíhuacan and where did their people disappear? We do not know, as we certainly do not know, what happened to the Mayans who lived on the Yucatan Peninsula and in what is now Guatemala, Honduras and Belize.