Nepal. In January, the Election Commission determined the result of the November 2013 election and the new Constituent Assembly took office. In February, Sushil Koirala, leader of the Nepalese Congress Party (NC), was elected new Prime Minister. According to Countryaah.com, Nepal population in 2020 is estimated at 29,136,819. NC and the Marxist-Leninist UML formed government. The World Health Organization (WHO) reported that Nepal is free of polio after no new case has been reported in three years.
On April 18, the deadliest accident in Mount Everest’s history occurred when 16 sherpas were killed in an avalanche just above the base camp at an altitude of 5,800 meters. Expeditions were canceled and sherpas demanded better compensation and compensation for the families of the dead. The authorities promised compensation to the families as well as better emergency preparedness and safety for climbers.
According to topb2bwebsites, in May, Nepal’s police conducted a campaign called “serving with a smile”, in which 600 police officers will help Nepal’s 67,000 police officers to behave more humbly and smile more. This is after criticism that police often behave brutally and harshly.
Reports on difficult conditions for guest workers in Qatar during preparations for the 2022 Soccer World Cup were noted in international media. Low wages and poor working conditions were reported with many deaths. The Nepalese make up a sixth of Qatar’s 2 million guest workers. Between January and mid-April, 53 Nepalese guest workers died in Qatar. Throughout 2013, the figure was 185 people.
In July, the government presented Nepal’s first complete state budget in three years. The budget focused on improved energy supply, infrastructure and agricultural development. Finance Minister Ram Sharan Mahat said the budget’s goal is to boost economic growth, free the country from poverty and build a social foundation and infrastructure for long-term development. Loans at low interest rates are offered to young people so that they can start farming in an attempt to curb the emigration of young labor. According to Abbreviation Finder, NP stands for Nepal in English. Click to see other meanings of this 2-letter acronym.
In August, at least 53 people died as a result of landslides and floods. More than 200 homes were destroyed and about 3,500 people were evacuated.
Hikers in the popular Annapurna massif were surprised in mid-October by unusually heavy snowfall as a result of the cyclone Hudud pulling over neighboring India. One day, 91 cm of snow fell and the authorities found it difficult to contact many of the hikers. After three days, the number of dead was reported to 39. About 370 people had been rescued from the area, but many were still missing. The authorities promised new rules, better weather reports and better control of where hikers are.
The complex and highly differentiated ethnic framework is the result of ancient mixes of the Nordic and Mongolian populations with the Indians, or with the indigenous Nepalese ones: the Indo-Nepalese (Brahmani, Chetri etc.) are for the most part established in the Terai; the Tibetan-Nepalese (Newar, Magar, Tamang etc.) are the residents of the middle altitudes; the Tibetans (Sherpa, Takali etc.) prevail in the higher valleys. The population is growing at a rapid pace, mainly due to the positive natural balance. The demographic increase, however, showed in the early 21st century. a slow containment process, passing from the annual growth rate of 2.5% in the 1985-90 period to 2.1% in the 2000-08 period. The altitude factor and the nature of the soil strongly influence the distribution of the population: 4/5 of it are located in the Terai and in the hilly areas; the remainder in the valleys or scattered in the mountain belt. The largest and only conurbation in the country is the one formed by the capital, Kathmandu (741,000 residents in 2003; 1,340,000 residents in 2007, considering the entire urban agglomeration), and its two satellite centers, Patan (Lalitpur) and Bhaktapur (Bhadgaon); the other centers, with the exception of Biratnagar, Lalitpur and Pokhara, are home to fewer than 120,000 people.
The official language is Nepali, spoken by 47.8% of the population; maithir (12.1%) and bhojpuri (7.4%) are also widespread. Dominant religion is Hindu (80.6%); followed by the Buddhist (10.7%) and the Muslim (4.2%).