Nigeria. According to Countryaah.com, Nigeria population in 2020 is estimated at 206,139,600. Nigeria’s government and security forces continued to fight the extremist Muslim movement Boko Haram in a wave of violence that did not seem to slow down. Boko Haram was accused during the year of a series of attacks, not least in the states of Yobe, Borno and Adamawa.
At least 2,000 civilians were killed in attacks between January and June, according to the human rights group Human Rights Watch. At least 650,000 people were estimated to be fleeing the country and thousands also fled to neighboring countries.
Attacks were directed at markets, mosques, churches and schools. In the line of deeds, for example, the attack on the big mosque in the city of Kano was noticed when at least 100 were killed when attackers fired two explosive charges and shot people gathered for Friday prayers in late November.
The suspicions were directed at Boko Haram. The mosque is adjacent to the newly-opened emir’s palace and Muhammad Sanusi II had recently urged mosque visitors to take up arms against the extremist movement. The emir has a strong influence in Northern Nigeria. At the beginning of the year, Sanusi had been dismissed as Governor of the Central Bank following a conflict with President Goodluck Jonathan.
Although northeastern Nigeria was most severely affected, attacks occurred in other parts of the country. A car bomb at a bus terminal in the federal capital of Abuja claimed at least 75 dead and 140 injured. Boko Haram leader Abubakar Shekau said in a video recording that the movement performed the deed.
The April kidnapping of more than 270 schoolgirls in the town of Chibok in Bono was another event that provoked disgust. Some 50 managed to escape, but those who remained in Boko Haram’s violence were forced to convert and some were remarried, the sect claimed. On social media, there were calls for demands for the girls’ release, which was supported by, among others, Michelle Obama, wife of the US president. Young Pakistani activist Malala Yousafzai also addressed the fate of the girls when she visited Nigeria in July.
Boko Haram occupied several cities in the Northeast, although some were withdrawn by the government. The military’s fighting morals were questioned, while it emerged that its equipment was out of date. Human rights groups warned that the military and government-backed militia were guilty of serious abuses in the fight against the extremist movement.
In May, the UN Security Council blacklisted Boko Haram as a terrorist group linked to al-Qaeda and introduced an arms embargo and frozen its assets.
The economy and security situation is believed to dominate the presidential and parliamentary elections to be held in February 2015. President Jonathan, who is seeking re-election, re-formed the government during the year when several ministers were to run in various state elections.
The People’s Democracy Party (PDP), which has ruled since the military rule ceased in 1999, was hit by several defeats to the opposition alliance Progress Congress (APC). APC chose former General Muhammadu Buhari to challenge Jonathan. They also met in 2011.
In April, new calculations showed that Nigeria passed on South Africa as Africa’s largest economy with subsidies from the service sector, including the film industry. Oil industry revenues still accounted for the majority of the state’s revenue. Falling oil prices pushed the country’s currency to naira, and major support purchases were made. At the end of November, a devaluation was carried out and the repo rate was raised by one percentage point to 13%.
Nigeria managed to prevent an epidemic of Ebola fever and was declared Ebola-free in October. The success was attributed to good preparedness and resolute action when the first cases were discovered.
New casualties when jihadists attack the military
Ten soldiers are killed and eight are injured in an ambush near the town of Marte in the northeast. The soldiers are traveling in a convoy on their way with food and other supplies to troops in the area when jihadists belonging to the Iswap group open fire. A few days earlier, Iswap attacked the regional governor’s convoy. In the attack, 30 people were killed and Iswap stole several vehicles at the same time.
Election of governor despite coronary restrictions
Residents of the state of Edo in southern Nigeria are voting in the country’s first election since the outbreak of the corona pandemic. The election is for a new state governor and 1.7 million people are expected to go to the polls under strict supervision and strict restrictions. The next day, the election commission announces that opposition candidate Godwin Obaseki will take home the victory.
Boko Haram kills ten in the northeast
Ten people are reported dead in the latest attack carried out by Boko Haram in the northeast. The attack targeted three villages and several villagers were kidnapped during the attacks. In recent weeks, many dozens of people have been killed and even more injured in various assaults and attacks in the northeastern parts of the country. Most of the victims are civilians and several of them have been farmers working in their fields when the attacks took place.