Oman. According to Countryaah.com, Oman population in 2020 is estimated at 5,106,637. Sultan Qabus ibn Said traveled to Germany in July where he was told to undergo medical tests. No details were announced, but it was rumored that the 73-year-old head of state and government received cancer treatment. In November he greeted himself via TV that he could not attend the celebration of his birthday or National Day, because he was still abroad. He said the treatment produced good results.
Oman received criticism from a special UN reporter who ruled that the right to gather in public place did not in practice exist in the country. The government was found to have a constant focus on order and stability, at the price of the right of association and the right to gather became suffering. Citizens expressed that they wanted peaceful reforms, not revolution, said reporter Maina Kiai, in charge of the right of association and assembly.
Oman continued as a mediator and intermediary between the US and Iran in the negotiations on Iran’s nuclear program. However, as the only one of the six members of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), the country did not contribute to the US-led alliance’s airstrikes against the Islamic State extremist group in Iraq and Syria.