Panama. According to Countryaah.com, Panama population in 2020 is estimated at 4,314,778. Vice President Juan Carlos Varela of the Panamist Party (PPA) unexpectedly won the May 4 presidential election. So far, everything had pointed to a settlement between José Domingo Arias of the Democratic Change (CD) government party and Juan Carlos Navarro of the Revolutionary Democratic Party (PRD), although margins were small. It was the first time since the return to democracy in 1990 that a party in office gained the confidence two consecutive elections to lead the country. Varela’s victory was also convincing: he received 39% of the votes cast, against 31% for Arias and 28% for Navarro, and turnout was unusually high, 77%.
Thus, President Ricardo Martinelli’s party CD suffered a defeat which was unexpected as he was an unusually popular president and Panama’s economy during his entire term grew most rapidly throughout Latin America, with between 8 and 11% per annum. But the electorate distrusted Arias and apparently also took an impression of Martinelli’s way of responding to the many strikes and protests that characterized the beginning of the year and instead elected his vice president, with whom Martinelli did not draw really evenly. That Martinelli’s wife, María Linares, was running for Vice President, along with Arias, did not make his case any easier. According to Abbreviation Finder, PM stands for Panama in English. Click to see other meanings of this 2-letter acronym.
International judges pointed out the functionality, corruption and crime of public institutions as the new president’s greatest challenges.
In the congressional elections held at the same time as the presidential election, the opposition won its own majority, and Varela’s own coalition of small parties got only 12 out of 71 seats. However, the PPA and PRD agreed on cooperation just before the takeover of power. At his installation in office on 1 July, Varela himself declared that he will continue Martinelli’s policy in most areas of society.
According to topb2bwebsites, the elections were preceded by extensive protests and strikes. Among other things, teachers and construction workers strike, and on April 25, the police forcibly suspended a large group of Native American activists who occupied a river bank on the Tabasará River in the Chiriquí province in protest of the construction of a hydroelectric plant. The activists claimed traditional rights to the land and protested that they had not been consulted about the plans.
In August, the centenary was celebrated by the opening of the Panama Canal. By then, almost 78% of the already planned expansion of the channel was completed and was expected to be implemented in 2016. Plans for further expansion were presented at the same time.
Division. – Since 1949 the Republic counts again nine provinces, having been reconstituted the two provinces of Darien and Herrera.
Population. – According to the 1950 census, the population of the Republic of Panama was 805,285. (10.7 per km 2), distributed as shown in the prospectus.
Economic conditions. – The Panamanian economy is still largely based on agriculture.
One of the first places is occupied by the banana, whose production, constantly increasing, offers 58% of the value of exports; in fact, from 1,360,000 q exported in 1951, it went to 2,900,000 q in 1957. Coffee, on the other hand, underwent considerable fluctuations; while in 1951 32,000 q were produced, in 1956 it barely reached 23,000 q and in 1957 to 27,000 q. Strong was the increase in the cultivation of maize and rice. The first was cultivated in 1950 on 69,000 ha (production 620,000 q) which had already risen to 72,000 ha in 1952, to 81,000 ha in the following year and to 86,000 ha in 1957, the year in which there was a production of 780,000 q. Rice from 66,000 ha in 1950 rose to 83,000 ha in 1953 and 89,000 ha in 1957; the average production is around 900,000 q per year.
According to data from 1958, the livestock patrimony consists of 629,000 cattle and 223,000 pigs. Whaling, in the years 1955-56, procured 2,850 animals, with a production of 28,000 tons of oil. The riches of the subsoil are still modest; the extraction of the sea salt averages around 10,000 t per year. The installed energy, almost all thermal, is 39,200 kW; several small plants have recently been installed in the interior of the country, and currently the energy produced is 170 million kWh. The industry is also maintaining modest positions; only the sugar factory has a certain importance; in 1958 it gave 250,000 q of sugar and a notable contribution to the alcohol distillery. The cement factory gives a product of about 100-150,000 q per year, sufficient, in addition to the internal needs,