Republic of the Congo 2014
Congo. In April, the authorities launched an operation targeting both criminal and paperless immigrants. According to Countryaah.com, Republic of the Congo population in 2020 is estimated at 5,518,098. The vast majority of the latter come from neighboring Congo (Kinshasa). About half a million people are estimated to live in Congo (Brazzaville) and support themselves as street vendors, cleaning workers and maids, among others.
During the threat of expulsion, in April and May about 60,000 people left Congo (Brazzaville). Many of these had valid papers, according to the Foreign Ministry in Congo (Kinshasa), but it was reported that these were often burnt or torn apart by the Congo (Brazzaville) police. According to topb2bwebsites, a large number of those returning by ferry across the Congo River could show physical injury damage, and about ten policemen were said to have been dismissed for brutal behavior. Eleven people were killed in clashes between immigrants and police, including three policemen.
History. – The military government that emerged from the 1968 crisis was the first in Africa to profess a choice in favor of scientific socialism. The major protagonist of the turning point, Major M. Ngouabi, died murdered, in unclear conditions, in March 1977. A period of uncertainty and instability followed. The realization of socialism, moreover, did not find in the backward conditions of the economy and of society the tools to pass from declarations of principle to practice. Ngouabi’s first successor, Colonel J. Yhombi-Opango, gave the impression that he wanted to make a line correction in the restorative sense. In February 1979 another institutional crisis brought Colonel D. Sassou-Nguesso to power, who likes to present himself as the most rigorous and faithful continuer of Ngouabi’s work, object of an intense cult of posthumous personality. A new constitution inspired by socialism was launched in July 1979. In 1981, Republic of Congo signed a treaty of friendship and cooperation with the USSR. The single ruling party (Parti Congolais du Travail) is organized as a communist party. According to Abbreviation Finder, CG stands for Republic of the Congo in English. Click to see other meanings of this 2-letter acronym.
However, the most active commercial, economic and financial relations continue to be those with France, the former colonial power. Sassou-Nguesso has long juggled between pro-Soviet orthodox and pragmatists willing to liberalize the economy. To complicate political relations, the unsolved contrast between the northern and southern tribes intervenes (the last presidents are originally from the North). The economic program for the period 1982-86 gave priority to the development of the northern region. Ethnic rivalries, economic decline, the effects of austerity measures caused serious incidents in Brazzaville in November 1985, triggered by student demonstrations. The government was forced, after 1986, to adopt an adjustment plan that follows the requirements of the International Monetary Fund: contraction of public investments, restructuring of state-owned companies, emphasis on private capital. Between the end of 1990 and the first months of 1991, the decision was made to abandon Marxism-Leninism as an official ideology and to introduce multi-partyism.