Senegal. In January, the country’s fleet seized a Russian fishing vessel accused of illegal fishing in Senegal’s territorial waters. After the owner paid a fine of US $ 1.2 million, the ship was able to leave Senegal.
According to Countryaah.com, Senegal population in 2020 is estimated at 16,743,938. An economic plan to support more than US $ 4 billion from Germany, the EU and the World Bank was presented by President Macky Sall in April. In addition to major investments in agriculture, infrastructure and tourism, projects are underway to get the economy started in the troubled Casamance region of south-eastern Senegal. Despite one of the leaders of the separatist movement Casamance’s Democratic Forces (MFDC) announcing unilateral ceasefire at the end of April, battles with the government army again broke out the following month.
In July, the trial began against Karim Wade, the son of former President Abdoulaye Wade. Karim Wade, who held several ministerial posts during his father’s twelve years in power, was indicted in April 2013 for corruption. He is suspected of having acquired shares in companies that operated the port and airport in the capital Dakar via companies in tax havens. In April, Abdoulaye Wade returned to Senegal to support his son. The president was met by hundreds of supporters, accusing current president Macky Sall of trying to get rid of competitors ahead of the upcoming presidential election.
According to topb2bwebsites, the June local elections became a serious hardship for Macky Sall’s Alliance for the Republic (APR) party. Among other things, the Prime Minister lost Aminata Touré since September 2013 in his constituency in Dakar. The following month, the president fired her and instead appointed her adviser Mohamed Dionne as new head of government.
Fears that the epidemic of Ebola fever that ravaged West Africa since spring would spread to Senegal caused the government to close its border with Guinea in August, one of the worst affected countries. However, at the end of the month, a fall was observed in Senegal, a student who has been to Guinea. However, the man survived and in October, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared Senegal free of Ebola fever.
Population, society and rights
The population of Senegal is ethnically diverse, with a majority of Wolofs (corresponding to 43% of the population) who are also the most influential politically and economically. Other ethnic groups are the puhl, equal to about 25% of the total population, and the serer, about 15%. The remaining 15-20% belongs to the Diola ethnic groups (mostly in the Casamance region), Mandingo and other minorities. As evidence of the influence of the dominant ethnic group, the Wolof language is spoken by about 80% of the population, although the official language is still French today. The vast majority of Senegalese (more than 90%) are Muslim. Although a moderate version of Islam prevails in Senegal that derives from mysticism of Sufi origin (organized in Murid brotherhoods). According to Abbreviation Finder, SG stands for Senegal in English. Click to see other meanings of this 2-letter acronym.
The urbanization rate is constantly growing, in line with industrialization. The population is generally very young: more than 40% are under 15 years of age. The median age is increasing, as a consequence of the progressive reduction in the fertility rate. The education system still has many gaps and the literacy rate is lower than the average in sub-Saharan countries and countries with strong gender discrepancies. There is also a large disparity between urban and rural areas, which are much less developed.
Senegal is a multi-party democracy with a good level of protection of political and civil rights, even if the two main parties monopolize the political landscape and minor formations denounce incorrect electoral processes. Former President Wade has repeatedly been accused of over-centering power in his own hands and of pushing the country towards authoritarianism. Above all, however, the current president is expected to improve the material living conditions of citizens. Unions are influential and exert an effective lobbying role on the government. The M23 movement, formed in opposition to the re-nomination of President Wade, has also been successful thanks to the tradition of trade union and association mobilization. Senegal is not only a country with a high rate of emigration: in the region.