Taiwan. According to Countryaah.com, Taiwan population in 2020 is estimated at 23,816,786. Taiwan and China took an important step towards improving relations between the countries when the first government-level meeting since 1949 was held in Nanjing in February. The meeting was seen as evidence of the relaxation that began when Ma Ying-jeou took office as president of Taiwan in 2008. The countries agreed, among other things, to establish a direct channel through which they can discuss common issues.
In Taiwan, however, there is a fear of a greater Chinese influence over the country. In mid-March, the parliament building was occupied by students and other protesters who objected to how the work on the Law on Investment and Trade of Services between Taiwan and China went. A few days later, protesters broke into the government building as well. Both police and activists, totaling over a hundred people, were injured during the police intervention. About 100,000 people then went out on the streets of the capital, Taibei, in support of the protesters. The occupation of the parliament building ended on April 10, after the President promised that a law on review and control of agreements with China should be drafted before the Investment and Services Trade Act was adopted.
People’s protests also managed to temporarily halt the construction of a nuclear power plant in a densely populated area north of Taibei with a high risk of earthquakes. After thousands of people blocked streets in the capital, the president agreed to suspend construction until the issue was resolved in a referendum. In July, the government decided to close and seal the started nuclear power plant for three years pending the referendum.
The local elections held at the end of November became a major defeat for the ruling Nationalist Party (Guomindang). Instead, the Democratic Progress Party, which is in opposition in Parliament, became the big winner of the election. The mayor’s post in Taibei, often considered a springboard against the presidential post, was conquered by an independent candidate. The election result was interpreted as a consequence of government policy that meant Taiwan was approaching China, something that has been met by mistrust among Taiwan’s people.
When the results of the elections were clear, Prime Minister Jiang Yihuah announced his intention to resign with his government. However, this would only happen after a new prime minister and government were appointed. In early December, Ma Ying-jeou also resigned as party leader for Guomindang. Former Prime Minister of Transport and Communications Mao Chi-kuo was appointed new Prime Minister. The government remained unchanged on the most important items.
The Tropic of Cancer, which marks the climatic boundary between the tropics and the subtropics, passes through Taiwan precisely at the highest point at 3,952 meters, the Yu Shan. In the northern part there is a subtropical climate, the south is predominantly tropical, taking into account the climatic influence of the respective altitude. Due to the high mountains, there is also a temperate climate in the southern part, which is mainly characterized by daily fluctuations.
In winter a strong monsoon blows from the northeast, in summer a strong monsoon from the southwest, which brings heavy rains with it. Typhoons frequently hit the island from May to October. In winter there is occasional snowfall at high altitudes – especially above 3,000 meters. One of the most famous places for this is Hehuanshan, located on a 3,275 meter high mountain pass in Nantou County. The average temperatures are 12 ° C in February and 25 ° C in July.