Tanzania. According to Countryaah.com, Tanzania population in 2020 is estimated at 59,734,229. President Jakaya Kikwete reformed the government in January after the death of the finance minister and four other ministers were dismissed just before the New Year. Among other defense and home affairs ministers were replaced after accusations of gross police and military assaults during an offensive against theft of wild animals. Security forces were charged with murder, rape, torture and extortion when 13 people were reported to have lost their lives and more than 1,000 arrested.
According to the president, the country’s elephant herds are threatened with extinction due to increased poaching. In the huge game reserve Selous, the elephant strain is estimated to have decreased by two-thirds to about 13,000 animals in four to five years.
The East African Court of Justice, which ruled on regional disputes, in June stopped the plans on a road through Serengeti National Park. According to environmental organizations, the road would disrupt the annual hikes that over 1 million animals make in the wildlife sanctuary. According to Abbreviation Finder, TZ stands for Tanzania in English. Click to see other meanings of this 2-letter acronym.
During the year there was a political dispute over the proposal for a new constitution. The opposition demanded autonomy on the mainland similar to that on the island of Zanzibar, with the government of Dar es-Salaam standing over the two in a union. The president’s party CCM (Revolutionary Party) opposed the proposal, which according to the opposition would allow the CCM to seize power since independence in 1961. In September, it was decided that work on a new constitution should be pushed to the future.
Following growing criticism of corruption and abuse of power, especially within CCM, the elected officials worked on legislative proposals to protect against conflicts of interest in politics and administration. However, increased revenues from oil and gas extraction fueled the corruption. Sweden and other donor countries stopped billion-dollar aid after suspicions of embezzlement in the state’s energy companies. A parliamentary committee investigating the suspicions called on Prime Minister Mizengo Pinda to resign, which Pinda rejected. In December, the prosecutor and the housing minister resigned for involvement in the scandal.
According to topb2bwebsites, Tanzania’s GDP would grow by about 7% during the year, while the budget deficit was more than 6%. Many of the country’s residents are still living in deep poverty. In October, several cases were reported where women were killed following witch accusations. They were lynched, hacked or burned to death by local mobs. According to a human rights group, several hundred women are killed each year after allegations of witchcraft.
From the ethnic point of view, the population of Tanzania is mainly made up of Bantu groups, which entered the country starting from the 1st millennium BC, and strengthened from the 4th century. AD and, definitively, during the 15th and 16th centuries. They have come to overlap an original Khoisanide substratum, of which some small residual groups remain. In the northern regions there are Ethiopian and Niloto-Hamitic (Masai) elements, while the coastal strip, where Swahili predominate, has been affected by Arab (from the 8th century, particularly sensitive to Zanzibar), European and Indian commercial penetrations.
● Population growth took on a dizzying pace in the 20th century, when the population rose from 5 million residents. in 1935 to the 34.5 million registered in 2002. The annual rate of increase, which until the 1990s was around 2.8%, tends to decrease (2.04% in 2009). The average density (43.3 residents/ km2) has little significance, as the distribution is absolutely irregular. The population, in fact, is concentrated in the coastal plain, on the hills surrounding Kilimanjaro and along the great roads and railways that from the port of Dar es Salaam reach the great lakes and which correspond, for the most part, to the ancient caravan routes, while large areas of the interior are almost completely depopulated. The settlement is mainly rural in the traditional villages, with the exception of the coastal strip. The urban population represents just over 25% of the total, with a single large concentration (Dar es Salaam, 2,236,000 residents In 2002). The urban network of the inland regions is set exclusively on the axes of communication: this is the case of the new capital itself, Dodoma, whose role was to rebalance the weight of the coastal strip in terms of settlement and decision-making power. The other centers do not go beyond modest commercial and administrative functions.
● The most practiced religions are the Christian (almost 6 million Catholics) and the Muslim (clearly prevalent in Zanzibar), each with about 1/3 of the population; for the rest there are animist cults, but the presence of Hinduism is also consistent.