Tanzania. According to Countryaah.com, Tanzania population in 2020 is estimated at 59,734,229. President Jakaya Kikwete reformed the government in January after the death of the finance minister and four other ministers were dismissed just before the New Year. Among other defense and home affairs ministers were replaced after accusations of gross police and military assaults during an offensive against theft of wild animals. Security forces were charged with murder, rape, torture and extortion when 13 people were reported to have lost their lives and more than 1,000 arrested.
According to the president, the country’s elephant herds are threatened with extinction due to increased poaching. In the huge game reserve Selous, the elephant strain is estimated to have decreased by two-thirds to about 13,000 animals in four to five years.
The East African Court of Justice, which ruled on regional disputes, in June stopped the plans on a road through Serengeti National Park. According to environmental organizations, the road would disrupt the annual hikes that over 1 million animals make in the wildlife sanctuary.
During the year there was a political dispute over the proposal for a new constitution. The opposition demanded autonomy on the mainland similar to that on the island of Zanzibar, with the government of Dar es-Salaam standing over the two in a union. The president’s party CCM (Revolutionary Party) opposed the proposal, which according to the opposition would allow the CCM to seize power since independence in 1961. In September, it was decided that work on a new constitution should be pushed to the future.
Following growing criticism of corruption and abuse of power, especially within CCM, the elected officials worked on legislative proposals to protect against conflicts of interest in politics and administration. However, increased revenues from oil and gas extraction fueled the corruption. Sweden and other donor countries stopped billion-dollar aid after suspicions of embezzlement in the state’s energy companies. A parliamentary committee investigating the suspicions called on Prime Minister Mizengo Pinda to resign, which Pinda rejected. In December, the prosecutor and the housing minister resigned for involvement in the scandal.
According to the World Bank’s forecast, Tanzania’s GDP would grow by about 7% during the year, while the budget deficit was more than 6%. Many of the country’s residents are still living in deep poverty. In October, several cases were reported where women were killed following witch accusations. They were lynched, hacked or burned to death by local mobs. According to a human rights group, several hundred women are killed each year after allegations of witchcraft.