United States 2014
USA. According to Countryaah.com, United States population in 2020 is estimated at 331,002,662. The president’s annual speech to the nation in January reflected the locked state of politics. Barack Obama mentioned several of the political goals he was unable to calm ashore during his time in power because of Republican resistance and made it clear that he would not now withdraw from using presidential decrees to bypass Congress.
In February, Congress approved an increase in the ceiling on central government debt, just before the state risked suspending its payments. This set the point for a protracted tug of war in which Republicans sought to recover countermeasures and sought to abolish or at least erode Obama’s contentious health care reform of 2010.
The House of Representatives, which had a Republican majority, decided in a July political poll to sue Obama for abuse of power. The president’s detractors claimed that he acted contrary to the spirit of the Constitution.
Foreign policy focused at the beginning of the year against the Russian Federation’s annexation of Crimea and participation in battles in eastern Ukraine, and the United States introduced sanctions against Moscow along with the EU. During the summer, the security situation in the Middle East worsened, where the extremist group Islamic State (IS) took control of large parts of Syria and Iraq and proclaimed a caliphate, its own state. In August, the United States launched air strikes against IS in Iraq, and Obama promised in a speech to “destroy” IS while emphasizing that it was not relevant to re-send ground troops to the region. The US had withdrawn from Iraq in 2011 and now had only about 1,500 military advisers left in the country. In September, the attacks were extended to Syria as well. Washington managed to get some 60 countries to join a coalition against IS, a number of which also contributed combat forces in the air. But by the end of the year, the Islamist group was far from calculated.
The midterm elections in November became a stinging defeat for the Democrats. The Republicans took over the majority in the Senate and thus had control of both chambers of Congress. After the election, it was announced that the government’s only Republican, Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel, would step down. No specific reason was stated, but Hagel had fallen into the grip of criticism of the government’s Syria policy.
Obama re-used a presidential decree as he enforced a change in migration laws. According to the decision, migrants who lived in the country for at least five years and had children legally staying in the country could apply for a residence permit. Nearly half of the roughly 11 million unemployed in the country were affected by the reform. During the year, a rapid increase in unaccompanied refugee children from Central America was also noted.
A debate over deadly police violence and the judicial system’s systematic discrimination against minority groups was held during the autumn, accompanied by extensive protest actions. It began in August when a white police officer shot dead an unarmed black 18-year-old, Michael Brown, in Ferguson, Missouri, in what many saw as a typical example of racial violence against blacks. Claws broke out and went on for a couple of weeks. Criticism was also drawn against the police preventing protesters from protesting and journalists from monitoring the unrest.
When news came in November that the police would not be prosecuted for the shooting, new riots and protests broke out. They spread to cities throughout the United States and in many places became very extensive. Shortly thereafter, a New York prosecution jury also chose not to prosecute a white police officer who killed a black man, causing the protests to grow in strength. Justice Minister Eric Holder filed a civil-rights investigation into the case, which concerns a 43-year-old man who was strangled by a police officer after he was caught selling cigarettes black. Despite this, demonstrations and protest actions continued to be held around the country.
A report on the intelligence service CIA’s hunt for terrorists abroad in 2002–07 was presented to the Senate in December and aroused strong feelings. According to the report, the CIA had used brutal interrogation methods to a much greater extent than previously known. Many protested that the United States used torture, while others were upset that the report jeopardized security. According to the report, the methods were largely unsuccessful, while critics claimed they saved lives.
During the period 1870-1920, the population of the United States grew from 38 million to 106 and the number of states from 37 to 48. By the early 20th century, rapid capitalist development had transformed the country from an agricultural country to an industrial society. At the end of the 19th century, the United States accelerated its imperialist expansion. In 1898, the country went to war against Spain, annexed Puerto Rico and the Philippines, and gained control of Cuba, which formally became independent, but at the same time had a section inserted into its constitution that allowed the United States to intervene at any time. the country’s internal affairs. This so-called Platt Amendment was repealed in 1934. At the same time, the United States was considering occupying the Danish West Indies. However, the occupation never turned into anything – instead, the United States “bought” the islands of Denmark in 1917. In 1903, the United States spurred an uprising in the Colombian province of Panama. The province declared itself independent and thus the United States had direct political control over the country in which its channel – the Panama Canal – was located.. The United States already played a crucial role in the political affairs of the American continent, legitimizing its intervention with the “Monroe Doctrine”, formulated by then-Secretary of State Monroe in 1823. The doctrine was basically to secure “America for the Americans.” Throughout the 19th century, France and England were gradually forced to diminish their interests on the American continent, and in 1890 the first Pan-American Conference of States on the continent was held.
World War I and World War II
Initially neutral in the First World War, the United States was only allowed to enter the war’s final phase in 1917. European superpowers were exhausted after the war, while the United States was financially strengthened. However, the world economic crisis triggered by the crackdown on the Wall Street stock exchange in 1929 caused the US driver’s status to fade. Many companies went bankrupt and the unemployment rate rose to 11 million. First under President Franklin D. Roosevelt and his New Deal policy, the financial crisis gradually came under control. The New Deal policy was based on extensive state intervention in the economy. Through extensive public investment, the economy had to be brought back on track. Meanwhile, throughout the 1930’s, Europe was still approaching a major war. In 1935, therefore, the United States Congress passed a law declaring the United States neutral. Therefore, the superpower was first drawn into World War II when Japan attacked its military base in Pearl Harbor in Hawaii in 1941.
The war was the final solution to America’s economic problems. 15 million were sent to the front, and in the war industry the number of jobs increased from 46.5 million to 53. At the same time, women were massively recruited into the labor market to fill jobs in factories and agricultural emigration increased. During the war, there was a formal ceasefire. Nevertheless, 15,000 strikes were carried out, which caused Congress to implement restrictions on the right to strike.