Asia Peoples

Asia accounts for one third of Earth’s land area, but is inhabited by approx. 60% of the population. Compared to other continents, there are several different race types and peoples. The most prevalent race is the Mongoloid, which is found mainly in North, East, Central and South Asia, and then the Caucasoid (European) race, especially in Western and South Asia. Countless migrations over the millennia have created many racial blends, and the process of blending still continues. Peoples with related languages can be of different physical types, depending on the timing of the folk mixes. Rather than talking about races, it makes more sense to talk about ethnic groups who speak certain languages and have special cultural characteristics. The extremely varied geographical conditions in Asia have caused people to adapt very differently and within the wide area all varieties of business types are encountered. Often, the ethnic groups are divided into several states, such as the Kurds in West Asia, who live in five states, and the Mongols in Central Asia, which are divided by Countryaah into Russia, Mongolia and China.


North Asia. Here, the indigenous population lives mainly on hunting and fishing and/or reindeer husbandry. Among the approx. 25 peoples are jakuts and equate the most populous. The indigenous peoples were former animists and had shamans, but with the great immigration of Russian colonists in the 1900s. Christianity has become widespread. The Soviet regime implemented a strong integration policy towards the local population.

Central Asia. On the rain-poor steppes, people traditionally live as nomads with sheep, goats, cows, camels and horses. To the east, the people speak Tibetan-Burmese and Mongolian languages, and they are Buddhists (Mahayana), while the rest of Central Asia is Islamic with a population predominantly speaking Turkish.

Asian Countries

Country Average rainfall / month
Afghanistan Kabul 91 mm (March), 1 mm (Sept)
Bangladesh Dhaka 5 mm (Jan), 567 mm (July)
Bhutan Thimphu 20 mm (March), 220 mm (Aug)
Burma Rangoon 582 mm (July), 3 mm (Dec – Jan)
Philippines Manila 30 mm (per month, December to April), 367 mm (per month during July-September)
United Arab Emirates
India New Delhi 180 mm (July), 4 mm (Nov); Mattress 309 mm (Nov), 7 mm (Feb)
Iraq Baghdad 28 mm (March), 2 mm (July)
Iran Tehran 46 mm (Jan), 3 mm (July)
Japan Tokyo 220 mm (Oct), 48 mm (Jan)
Kazakhstan Astana 50 mm (July), 15 mm (February)
China Beijing 3 mm (Jan), 176 mm (July)
Kyrgyzstan Bishop 800 mm (Nov), 10 mm (June)
Laos Vientiane 322 mm (Aug), 2 mm (Dec)
Lebanon Beirut 1 mm (July-Aug), 190 mm (Jan)
Maldives 250 mm (May), 12 mm (Feb)
Mongolia Ulan Bator 73 mm (July), 1 mm (Jan)
Nepal Kathmandu 373 mm (July), 3 mm (Dec)
North Korea
Oman Musqat 28 mm (Jan), 0 mm (July)
Pakistan Islamabad 258 mm (Aug), 12 mm (Nov)
Saudi Arabia
Singapore 304 mm (Dec), 140 mm (June)
Sri Lanka Colombo 370 mm (May), 89 mm (Jan)
South Korea Seoul 376 mm (July), 20 mm (February)
Tajikistan Dusjanbe 137 mm (March), 1 mm (Aug)
Taiwan Taipei 300 mm (June), 80 mm (November)
Thailand Bangkok 306 mm (sept), 7 mm (dec)
Uzbekistan Tashkent 81 mm (March), 3 mm (Sept)
Vietnam Hanoi 343 mm (Aug), 18 mm (Jan)
East Timor

East Asia. In China, Chinese-speaking males make up 95% of the population, but in addition, there are 50 ethnic minorities, many of whom have millions of large populations. Japan’s population of Japanese has come in numerous waves of immigration across Korea and eastern China. Of ethnic minorities, the Ainos are found on Hokkaido, the few descendants of Japan’s indigenous population, as well as a large element of immigrant Koreans. According to, Beijing is the capital city of China, and 86 is the area codes of China.


Southeast Asia. On the mainland, the large state-forming peoples, Burmese, Laotians, Thais and Vietnamese, form the root of the individual nations. They are Buddhists (hinayana) and live as rice farmers of irrigation farming. In the mountainous areas many different smaller tribes live, for example, karenes, kachin, miao and shan. Their areas often extend beyond the borders of several countries, and in many places they still live by sweat farming. The mountain people are linguistically and culturally very different from one another and from the large communities in the lowland areas.

The Indonesian and Filipino estates are inhabited by Malay people who are closely related both linguistically and culturally. Countless currents have flowed through the ridge, but the general picture is like the mainland core areas of intensive agriculture as the basis for state formation or kingdoms, such as Java and Bali, and more marginal mountain areas and islands, such as Borneo and Sulawesi, where several ethnic minorities live by hunting and sweat use. Islam is the dominant religion with some exceptions such as Hindu Bali and the Roman Catholic Philippines.

South Asia. In India, there are more major languages spoken than in the whole of Europe, but roughly speaking, the indigenous peoples of North India and the Dravidians of South India can be seen as representatives of various immigration waves. The Caucasian racial character is the dominant one, but with countless physical variations, and people’s language and caste affiliation has a greater weight than actual ethnic descent. The Hindu caste system gives South Asia a certain uniformity. The vast majority of the population live in villages and live as farmers. Many tribal people live outside the Hindu caste world both in the mountain and forest areas of South India and in the northeastern mountain provinces and the Himalayas.

West Asia. The cultural diversity of the area is a result of millennia merging peoples of different origins, languages, professions and religion. They cannot be clearly described as separate people, but rather as peasants and urbanists or nomads and oasis people. They are fairly evenly distributed among Semitic, Iranian and Turkish speaking people, but despite all the variations there are a number of cultural commonalities rooted in Islam. However, Iran and the Caucasus region are regions where the ethnic groups are more clearly defined in relation to each other.

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