Bosnia and Herzegovina 2014
Bosnia and Herzegovina. The worst unrest since the 1992-95 war shook Bosnia and Herzegovina in February. The unrest began in Tuzla, where workers protested against the privatization of state-owned enterprises. Concerns about layoffs and closure of factories were high in the country, with unemployment at 44%. The protests spread to the capital Sarajevo and several other cities and expressed dissatisfaction with the political stalemate and lousy economy in general. Government buildings were set on fire and hundreds of people were injured in connection with the unrest.
According to Countryaah.com, Bosnia and Herzegovina population in 2020 is estimated at 3,280,830. Violent torrents in May caused a natural disaster. As much rain fell in a couple of days as it normally does in three months with flooded rivers and landslides as a result, mainly in Bosnia and Herzegovina and neighboring Serbia. The floods were the worst since statistics began in the late 1800s.
The northeastern part of Bosnia and Herzegovina was particularly hard hit. Around 25 people were killed, hundreds of thousands of people were forced to leave their homes and every fourth inhabitant of the country was left without access to clean water. The material damage was compared to those who hit the country during the civil war. Great concern arose that many of the more than 100,000 landmines that remained in just over 9,000 minefields after the war were now being washed out.
Many testified to a positive side effect of the disaster, when Bosnians worked to help and save each other regardless of ethnic background.
When Bosnia and Herzegovina first participated in a soccer World Cup in June in Brazil, many also saw it as a symbolically important step towards increased national unity. In the team were representatives of all three large groups of people.
Prior to the October elections, however, there was not much that pointed to reduced fragmentation and greater integration. Nationalist parties and nationalist candidates essentially won, as in previous elections, both at the national level and in both regions.
In the election of the national three-term presidency, Bakir Izetbegović, who belonged to the Bosnian Nationalist SDA (Democratic Party), was re-elected for a second term. The Croatians appointed Dragan Čović from the Croatian nationalist HDZ BiH (Croatian Democratic Union in Bosnia and Herzegovina with partners). The Serbs narrowly elected Mladen Ivanić, who belonged to the PDP, a conservative opposition party in the Serbian Republic.
In the State House of Representatives, the SDA became the largest with ten seats, while the two Serbian parties SDS (Serbian Democratic Party) and SNSD (Independent Social Democrats Party) together received eleven seats. The newly formed DF (Democratic Front) received five seats. The DF, founded by former Croatian Presidential Councilor Željko Komšić, advocates cooperation across ethnic divides. In November, SDA, DF and HDZ BiH agreed to jointly form government, both at the national level and in the Bosnian-Croat Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. At the national level, support was needed by another party, while the three were expected to form government on their own in the federation.
In the Serbian Republic, Milorad Dodik was re-elected president and his party SNSD remained the largest despite reduced support.