Sightseeing in Volgograd, Russia
Not far from here on Lenin Square stands Pavlov’s House. During the Battle of Stalingrad, this four-story residential building was heroically defended for two months by a group of scouts under the command of Sergeant Pavlov and became a real bastion that stood in the way of the Nazi troops. These events are reminiscent of the memorial wall-monument, where the names of the soldiers who defended the house are carved. On the end wall of the house there is another memorial wall, it is dedicated to the labor prowess of the builders who rebuilt the city after the war.
In Volgograd, on a small stretch of the banks of the Volga River, there is a place called Lyudnikov Island. In fact, this is not an island, but a piece of land, which got its name because here, during the Battle of Stalingrad, the 138th division under the command of Colonel I.I. Lyudnikova was cut off from the main Soviet forces and heroically defended herself for 40 days. Now a memorial complex has been opened here, which includes a stele with a bronze memorial plaque, the ruins of the command post of the 138th rifle division and three mass graves. Bald Mountain rises on the outskirts of the city141 m high. During the Battle of Stalingrad, it was an important strategic object, where fierce battles took place. At the top of the mountain, in memory of those who died in the battles for Lysaya Gora, a 20-meter obelisk was erected with a carved inscription: “Peace to those who defended for future generations. Glory to you and eternal gratitude to the Fatherland. The Motherland honors these feats, whose name is immortality.”
One of the oldest monuments of the city, the monument to N.V. Gogol (1910), here are the mass graves of the heroes of the civil war, an underground shelter, which during the Battle of Stalingrad became the command post of the city leadership, and the grave of Major General V.A. Glazkov, commander of the 35th Guards Rifle Division.
According to Diseaseslearning, the central square of the city is interesting – the Square of the Fallen Fighters. It got its name after the mass terror of the Whites against those who supported the Red Army. The remains of 55 bodies of the executed were buried on the square. After the Battle of Stalingrad, the defenders of Stalingrad, who fell in battle, were also buried here. In honor of the heroes of the Civil and Great Patriotic Wars, a monument-obelisk 26 m high, made of black and red granite, was erected on the square, and an eternal flame was installed. Since 1966, Post N1 was formed near the eternal flame, where sentries stand to this day, in Soviet times they were pioneers and Komsomol members, today they are ordinary schoolchildren. There is also a mass grave of three soldiers of different nationalities – a Spaniard, a Russian and a Tatar, who died at different times, but for one common cause. On the square there is a poplar that survived the Great Patriotic War, a memorial plaque is hung on it. hotel “Volgograd ” This is the oldest high-class hotel in Volgograd. It was built in 1890 by the merchant V. Voronin. Be sure to walk along the Alley of Heroes and Lenin Avenue, where monuments to the heroes of the Great Patriotic War are also erected.
Of the religious buildings of the city, the Kazan Church of the late 19th century stands out. Initially, it was a cemetery church built in the pseudo-Russian tradition. Later, the brick church was elevated to the rank of a cathedral. The cathedral was rebuilt in 1946 after the end of the war.
In addition to museums whose expositions are dedicated to the Battle of Stalingrad,there are several other interesting museums in Volgograd . The Volgograd Regional Museum of Local Lore tells about the history of this part of the Lower Volga region. The Volgograd Museum of Fine Arts is the only art museum in Volgograd. It was founded in 1960. Nowadays, the museum exhibits works of the Russian school of the 18th – early 20th centuries. Of great interest are portraits of the 18th – early 19th centuries, landscape painting, a collection of works by I.I. Mashkov, works of the post-revolutionary period, as well as works by foreign artists – Italians, Germans and French.